Boating Safety Basics Update
This summer, the topic of boating safety is once again on the radar. In fact, you might be surprised to learn that more people die every year in boating accidents than in trains or buses.
According to the U.S. Coast Guard, in 2008, there were 4,789 accidents that involved 709 deaths and 3,331 injuries. Due to the volume year-round boating, the highest number of casualties in took place in Florida, California and Texas.
Here are some basic facts on boating safety and what you can do to protect yourself this holiday weekend.
PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES
Even scarier, more than two-thirds of all fatal boating accident victims drowned, and of those, 90 percent were not wearing a life jacket.
“People need to know that there are truly wearable lifejackets out there,” explains Virgil Chambers, executive director of the National Safe Boating Council. “The new lifejackets are more like belt packs or over the shoulder life packs. I can identify with the fact that the old orange lifejackets are cumbersome … they’re hot, they’re geeky.”
You can see the inflatable belt pack in the photo at left … see the little bag around the guy’s hip? That’s it.
The jacket is rolled up inside the bag, and boaters can simply slip it over the head and pull a tab to inflate it. It’s that simple.
For more information on personal flotation devices, visit the Coast Guard’s Web site at USCG Boating.
You can learn about the National Safe Boating Council’s “Wear It” campaign at Safe Boating Council.org.
EQUIPMENT ON BOARD
Besides life jackets, there are several other items that you should keep on board to ensure your safety. Petty Officer Dana Warr, spokesperson for the U.S. Coast Guard explains what equipment you should have on board with you:
Electronic Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB)
These come in two different forms: One is permanently fixed to your vessel, so that as the vessel sinks, the pressure is designed to deploy when four feet underwater. The beacon gives off a satellite signal, which notifies the Coast Guard of the vessel’s exact GPS location, the owner, type of vessel, length and registration address. These devices can cost between $200 and $1,500. If you’re operating in rivers, small lakes or bays, you probably don’t need this. Boating in the Great Lakes or the ocean? A necessity.
The Personal EPIRB is a compact beacon that you can attach directly to your body. It’s often used by fishermen but can also come in handy for yachters and small boat cruisers. The beacon will also alert the Coast Guard your location and indicate that you’re in a life-threatening emergency. A personal beacon can start at $150 and go up to about $800.
Our advice? Consider this one of those situations in which it’s worth spending a few extra dollars. West Marine, for example, sells a manual release EPIRB for about $900 and an automatic release for about $1,200. (There is a $188 EPIRB available, which is recommended more as a backup than your primary safety device.) A personal locator device is available at West Marine for $399-$699.
Marine VHF Radio
A marine VHF radio is already installed on motorized small crafts. It can be used to communicate with rescue services and other officials. The frequency range is 156 to 174 MHz. Channel 16 at 156.8 MHz is the standard international emergency channel. “The Coast Guard monitors it 24/7,” says Warr. “It’s reserved for maydays and it’s irresponsible to use Channel 16 for anything but emergencies.”
“A cell phone is always a good thing, but it’s an alternate source of communication,” explains Warr. They may not work when you’re out in the water, but “if you get in trouble within a couple of miles of inland, you can use it for emergencies.” You can dial 911 to get your call transferred to the Coast Guard.
Having lifejackets for each person on the vessel is non-negotiable. The trick is that the jackets need to be properly fitted. “If you put an adult-sized life jacket on a 9-yea- old, it will slide right off. If he’s unconscious, he’ll probably sink to the bottom.”
Eleven children under age 13lost their lives while boating in 2008, and 63 percent of those children died from drowning.
A whistle or a horn can be used to alert passersby if your boat gets in trouble. The whistle or horn should be capable of producing a sound that can be heard for at least a half mile.
Although not required for certain sized vessels, these are good to have onboard if you’ve transiting at night.
A basic mirror can be great for signaling passersby-no batteries needed (although sunlight is usually required).
For more information on boating safety equipment, visit the Coast Guard Web site at USCG Boating.
BOATING UNDER THE INFLUENCE (BUI)
It’s not something to take lightly. BUI is just as harmful and dangerous as drinking and driving a car on the roads. Alcohol use is the leading contributing factor in fatal boating accident, related to 17 percent of deaths in 2008.
You already know that drinking can affect your judgment, vision and sense of balance. However, the U.S. Coast Guard explains that alcohol can be even more hazardous on the water—the combination of the boat’s movement, sun, wind and sprays of water can impair you even further.
Both the Coast Guard and each state have penalties for violating laws against boating under the influence. You may be faced with hefty fines, a suspension or termination of your boat operator privileges, or even jail. The Coast Guard and every state have stringent penalties for violating BUI laws. Whether you are charged with state or federal law depends on the waters where you’re apprehended.
For tips on avoiding BUI, visit USCG Boating.
BOATING SAFETY CERTIFICATION
Now here’s a scary number: According to the Coast Guard, in 2007, approximately 86 percent of all reported fatalities occurred on boats where the operator has not received boating safety instruction.
Boating safety certification is a state-approved course for boaters. But it is NOT a license, it is a certification, which means that it is valid for a lifetime and can’t be taken away from you. Most boating safety certification tests indicate that you know the laws and regulations of boating, and you must carry your card with you while operating a vessel. Depending on the state, courses may require a certain number of in-class hours, an online course, or home study with DVD education, followed by a final test.
Each state varies with its boating safety certification requirements, and some of them are downright scary. In California and Wyoming, for example, there are no requirements. In Kentucky, kids as young as 12 can operate motorized vehicles if they are certified OR if they’re accompanied by someone who is 18 or older and is certified.
To see a list of regulations by state, visit the National Association of State Boating Law Administrators.
To see online courses and sample boating certification tests, visit BoatEd.com
By Sarika Chawla for PeterGreenberg.com.
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